how to use system security logs fix common issues windows 10
how to use system security logs fix common issues windows 10

how to use system security logs fix common issues windows 10

How to Use System Security Logs to Fix Common Issues in Windows 10


Greetings, readers! Are you ready to dive into the world of system security logs and learn how to use them to troubleshoot common issues in Windows 10? This comprehensive guide will provide you with a step-by-step approach to extracting valuable insights from your system’s security logs and leveraging them to fix annoying problems.

Understanding System Security Logs

System security logs, also known as event logs, are detailed records of all security-related events that occur on your Windows 10 device. These logs provide a wealth of information, including the time and date of an event, the user or application that triggered it, and the associated error or warning messages. By analyzing these logs, you can gain invaluable insights into the health and security of your system.

Using System Security Logs to Fix Common Issues

Event Viewer: Your Go-to Tool for Viewing Logs

The Event Viewer is a built-in Windows utility that allows you to access and view system security logs. To open the Event Viewer, simply type "event viewer" into the Cortana search bar and select the "Event Viewer" app.

Tips for Analyzing Event Logs

Once you’ve opened the Event Viewer, you’ll be presented with a list of event logs organized by category. To view the security logs, expand the "Windows Logs" category and select the "Security" log.

To filter the logs by severity, use the "Filter Current Log" drop-down menu. You can also use the "Find" feature to search for specific events.

Common Security Issues and Troubleshooting Steps

Issue 1: Login Failures

  • Check the Security log for events with Event ID 4625.
  • Verify the username and password entered are correct.
  • Reset the user’s password if necessary.

Issue 2: Application Crashes

  • Review the Application log for events related to the crashing application.
  • Check the Event ID and Error Code for clues about the cause of the crash.
  • Update or reinstall the application if necessary.

Issue 3: Unauthorized Access Attempts

  • Monitor the Security log for events with Event ID 4624.
  • Check the IP address of the attacker and block it if necessary.
  • Enable 2-factor authentication or use a strong password manager.

Table: Common Security Log Events and their Troubleshooting Steps

Event ID Event Type Troubleshooting Steps
4625 Failed login attempt Check username, password, and account permissions
4624 Successful login attempt Monitor for suspicious logins from unusual locations
4648 Account lockout Reset the account’s password and adjust lockout settings
4688 Kerberos authentication failed Verify network connectivity and domain authentication settings
4768 Special privileges assigned to a new user Review assigned privileges and remove unnecessary permissions


Congratulations, readers! You are now equipped with the knowledge and skills to effectively use system security logs to identify and troubleshoot common issues in Windows 10. Remember, regular monitoring of your security logs is crucial for maintaining a secure and stable system.

For more information on Windows 10 security best practices, check out our other articles:

FAQ about How to Use System Security Logs to Fix Common Issues in Windows 10

How do I access the System Security Logs?

  • Open Event Viewer (Windows key + R, type "eventvwr.msc"). Expand "Windows Logs" and select "Security".

How do I find specific security events?

  • Use the Search feature in Event Viewer. Enter keywords, event IDs, or error messages associated with the issue.

What are some common security event types?

  • Audit Success: Indicates successful security-related actions.
  • Audit Failure: Indicates failed security-related actions.
  • System: Related to Windows system operation and configuration.
  • Application: Generated by applications.

How do I interpret security event descriptions?

  • Double-click on an event and read the "Description" field. It provides details about the event, including the source, subject, and actions performed.

What does Event ID 4625 mean?

  • Event ID 4625 indicates an account successfully logged on to the system.

How do I use security logs to troubleshoot account lockouts?

  • Check for failed logon attempts (Event ID 4625) from an unknown source. Identify the IP address or username associated with the attempts and take corrective action.

What is Event ID 4700?

  • Event ID 4700 indicates a system security policy change.

How can I monitor security policies for unauthorized changes?

  • Enable auditing for "Security Policy Changes" in the Local Security Policy (Secpol.msc). Check the logs for Event ID 4700 to detect any suspicious policy changes.

What is Event ID 1000?

  • Event ID 1000 indicates the Windows Security Log service is starting.

How do I ensure that the Security Log is being collected properly?

  • Verify that the Security Log is enabled and has sufficient disk space. Check its properties in Event Viewer to ensure it’s collecting all events.