15 cmd commands every windows user know
15 cmd commands every windows user know

15 cmd commands every windows user know


Hey there, readers! Welcome to our comprehensive guide on the 15 essential CMD commands that every Windows user should be familiar with. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or a novice just starting out, understanding these commands can significantly enhance your Windows experience.

The command prompt, or CMD, is a powerful tool that allows you to interact with your computer at a deeper level than the graphical user interface. By typing in specific commands, you can automate tasks, troubleshoot problems, and customize your system.

Navigating the File System

cd (Change Directory)

Navigating the file system in CMD is a crucial skill. The cd command allows you to change the current working directory. For instance, to move to the Documents folder, type cd Documents.

dir (Directory Listing)

The dir command displays a list of all files and folders in the current directory. Use the /s switch to display subdirectories as well.

mkdir (Make Directory) and rmdir (Remove Directory)

To create a new folder, use the mkdir command followed by the folder name. For example, mkdir NewFolder. To delete a folder, use the rmdir command, but ensure it’s empty before deleting.

Advanced Operations

copy (Copy Files) and move (Move Files)

The copy command allows you to copy files between directories. Use the syntax copy source destination. Similarly, the move command moves files from one location to another.

attrib (Set File Attributes)

The attrib command lets you modify the attributes of a file or directory, such as hidden, read-only, or system. To add the hidden attribute, use attrib +h filename.

System Management

tasklist (List Running Processes)

Use tasklist to view a list of all running processes on your system. This is helpful for identifying resource-intensive tasks or troubleshooting issues.

netstat (Network Statistics)

The netstat command provides detailed information about network connections, such as open ports, active connections, and IP addresses.

Troubleshooting and Maintenance

ping (Test Network Connectivity)

The ping command sends a request to a specified IP address or hostname to test network connectivity. Use it to diagnose internet or network problems.

ipconfig (Display Network Configuration)

The ipconfig command displays the current IP configuration of your network adapters, including IP addresses, subnet masks, and DNS servers.

sfc /scannow (System File Checker)

The sfc /scannow command scans and repairs corrupted system files. It’s a valuable tool for troubleshooting system errors and stability issues.

Table of CMD Commands

Command Description
cd Change directory
dir List directory contents
mkdir Create directory
rmdir Remove directory
copy Copy files
move Move files
attrib Modify file attributes
tasklist List running processes
netstat Display network statistics
ping Test network connectivity
ipconfig Display network configuration
sfc /scannow Scan and repair corrupted system files


There you have it, folks! These 15 CMD commands are indispensable for Windows users who want to unlock the full potential of their computers. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or just starting out, mastering these commands can significantly enhance your productivity and troubleshooting abilities. Be sure to explore other helpful articles on our website for more tips and tricks to get the most out of Windows.

FAQ about 15 cmd commands every windows user know

1. What is the ping command?

The ping command is used to test the connectivity between your computer and another device on a network. It sends a series of packets to the target device and measures the time it takes for each packet to be returned. This information can be used to diagnose network problems.

2. What is the tracert command?

The tracert command is used to trace the route that packets take from your computer to a target device on a network. It sends a series of packets to the target device and records the path that each packet takes. This information can be used to identify network bottlenecks and other problems.

3. What is the ipconfig command?

The ipconfig command is used to display the IP configuration of your computer. This information includes your computer’s IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway. It can also be used to troubleshoot network problems.

4. What is the nslookup command?

The nslookup command is used to query DNS servers for information about domain names and IP addresses. It can be used to troubleshoot DNS problems and to find the IP address of a website.

5. What is the netstat command?

The netstat command is used to display information about the network connections on your computer. This information includes the local and remote IP addresses and ports of each connection, as well as the state of the connection. It can be used to troubleshoot network problems and to identify security risks.

6. What is the taskkill command?

The taskkill command is used to terminate a running process. It can be used to stop a process that is causing problems or to free up resources.

7. What is the tasklist command?

The tasklist command is used to display a list of running processes on your computer. It can be used to monitor the performance of your computer and to identify processes that are consuming too many resources.

8. What is the sfc /scannow command?

The sfc /scannow command is used to scan your computer for corrupted system files. It can repair any corrupted files that it finds.

9. What is the chkdsk command?

The chkdsk command is used to check the integrity of your hard drive. It can scan for and repair bad sectors on the drive.

10. What is the powercfg command?

The powercfg command is used to manage your computer’s power settings. It can be used to create power plans, to change the power settings for different devices, and to troubleshoot power problems.